Any inflammation of the vagina, including infections caused by Candida albicans (commonly known as a yeast infection) and various species of bacteria (known as bacterial vaginosis).

Symptoms of vaginitis include itching, burning, odors, and discharge. Most types of vaginitis are easily treatable with antibiotics and fungicidal creams. While vaginitis can be a sexually transmitted infection, it can occur without any sexual contact.

The vagina is host to numerous species of bacteria and fungi, many of which are beneficial (see “vaginal flora” for more information). Vaginitis occurs when the vaginal environment becomes imbalanced, resulting in an overgrowth of a specific microorganism.